Romanian Province Walachia
Location: Walachia is the name of the region situated in the southern part of Romania, between the Danube (to the south), the Black Sea (to the east) and the Southern Carpathians (to the north and west), the natural border with Transylvania. It also includes Dobrogea, an area situated between the Danube, the Danube Delta and the Black Sea and Oltenia, situated between Olt River and the south-western Carpathians.
Landscape: Most of its southern territory is flat, named The Romanian Plain. Going north we reach the hills, which transform into the highest Carpathian mountains, with many peaks above 2500. In Dobrogea there is the oldest mountain area in the country, now only a few hundred meters high. There is also the newest land, the unique Danube Delta, as well as the pleasant Black Sea coast.
Highlights: Along with the Southern Carpathians that lie in the north, of tourist interest are the Greek settlements (Histria, Tomis, Callatis), Bucharest, the capital of Romania, the Danube Delta and the Black Sea coast, the Princely Court and Monastery of Curtea de Arges, the Princely Court of Targoviste, Peles Castle, the medieval castle of Poienari, Mogosoaia Palace and also the monasteries of Horezu, Snagov and Caldarusani.
History: The traces of the oldest settlements (from 7th – 6th century B.C.) were found on the Black Sea coast, in Dobrogea, belonging to the Greek colonists and traders. These places were later taken over by the Romans. The inland territory was inhabited by the Dacians, the Romanians ancestors, until the Roman conquest, in 106 A.D. The ruins of the bridge the Roman built to cross the Danube are still visible at Drobeta Tr. Severin.
After the Romans retreated their troops, in 271, the area was under a constant threat for centuries, waves of migrating peoples crossing it, some of them settling here and mixing with the local population. This long process led to the formation of the Romanian people, as happened in the other provinces, Transylvania and Moldavia.
During 12 and 13th century the Hungarian power increased and Walachia felt under their rule and influence. In 1330 Basarab I defeated the King of Hungary, Carol Robert de Anjou and established the independent principality of Walachia.
The principality had the greatest development during the reign of Mircea cel Batrin (1386 – 1418) but in the last days of his reign he had to accept the Ottoman suzerainty, in order to avoid occupation. During the next centuries rulers such as Vlad Tepes and Michael the Brave stud against the Turks and had temporary successes.
In 1600 Michael the Brave succeeded to unite for the first time all three Romanian principalities but it only lasted for a very short period of time.
Finally Walachia united with Moldavia in 1859 to form the United Principality of Moldavia and Walachia, the basis of modern Romania.
In May 1877 Romania declared its independence from the Otoman Empire, the Independence War started, a year later, in 1878 Romania becoming an independent state.
Bucharest, its capital starting from 16th century, became the capital of the United Principalities in 1862 and the capital of Great Romania after the unification with Transylvania, in 1918. Now it has the same status, also being the largest city in the country.