Romanian Province Bukovina
Location: The region is situated in the north – western part of Moldavia, bordering Ukraine republic to the north, Moldavia to the east and south, Transylvania to the west and Maramures region to the north – west.
Landscape: Bukovina has a great landscape of rolling hills in its eastern part and green mountains to the west, representing the northern part of the eastern Carpathians, rising up to 2100 m, in Calimani Mountains, part of the natural border with Transylvania.
History: Bukovina’s history is common with the Moldavian’s one until 1775, when the area became part of the Austrian Empire, also receiving its name.
Highlights: Bukovina is well known for the terrific landscape, well preserved traditions and especially for the great value of Patrauti, Voronet, Humor, Moldovita, Sucevita and Arbore painted monasteries and churches, built in 15th – 16th century, during the reign of Stefan cel Mare and Petru Rares.
Moldavia’s territory was inhabited by Dacians, the Romanians ancestors. Its northern half was not under the Romans rule, as most of the northern part of nowadays Romania, but developed on the same way as the rest of the country, with strong influences of Latinity and later from different migrating peoples, having the same mixed genes, speaking the same language, sharing the same culture and the same religion as the rest of the Romanians.
The principality of Moldavia was formed in 1351, through the unification of its political and military formations under Dragos rule, a Romanian nobleman from Maramures which was sent by the King of Hungary to form a bastion of resistance across the Carpathians against the Mongol invasions. 8 years later Bogdan, another nobleman from Maramures cross the mountains and declared the independency of the Moldavian state from the Hungarian Kingdom.
The greatest development of the principality came under the rule of Stefan cel Mare (Stephen the Great) – (1457 – 1504) who fought against the Turks, Hungarians, Polish and Mongols, in order to maintain the country’s independence and peace.
In 1538, during the reign of Petru Rares, Moldavia felt under the rule of Otoman Empire becoming a tributary state for the next 300 years.
In 1775 its north-western territory was annexed by the Austrian Empire. The province was named “Bukovina” by the Austrians, meaning “beech land” and remained in their hands until 1918, when it was united with the rest of the Romanian provinces to form the Great Romania. Its northern part was taken by the Soviet Union in 1940 and it’s still part of Ukraine.