Rodnei Mountains

Rodnei Mountains are situated in the northern group of Eastern Carpathians, in Maramures region. They have one of the longest continuous ridges in Romania, with more then 50 km from west to east and present an asymmetry similar to the Fagaras Mountains, with steep slopes on the north and milder slopes on the south.

To the north lie Borsa town and Moisei village. To the west the massif ends at Setref Pass (817 m); to the north east the limit is Prislop Pass (1416 m) and in the east Rotunda Pass (1271 m) separates them from Suhard Mountains; to the south lie the villages of Rodna Veche, Sant, Maieru and Anies, as well as the Somesul Mare River.

Rodna Mountains are the highest and the largest of the Eastern Carpathians, with their summit, Pietrosul Rodnei, rising at 2303m. They consist mostly in resistant crystalline rocks, with glacial valleys and lakes like Lala (5640 sq meters) and Iezer (3450 sq meters) and also caves, notable among them being Izvorul Tausoarelor, the deepest cave in Romania, going about 500 meters beneath the surface and Jgheabul lui Zalion, 242 meters deep.

The entire area is included in the Rodna National Park and Biosphere Reservation.

Flora consists in oak, beech and spruce forests on the lower level, dwarf pine and juniper on the sub alpine level, and alpine meadows on top. On July the landscape is dominated by the blossom Rhododendron that covers the slopes.

Fauna is represented by dear, wild boars, brown bears, wolfs, lynxes, mountain cocks, eagles and even marmots.

The mountains are consider to be among the most beautiful in the country, the major drown back is the absence of mountain huts, the entire ridge being accessible from all directions, but 2 or 3 days are needed to traverse it, a full set of equipment being a must.