Ciucas Mountains

Ciucas Massif, is part of southern group of the Eastern Carpathians. It borders Baiului Mountains to the west, Intorsurii Mountains to the north, Siriului Mountains to the east and the sub-Carpathians hills to the south.

Ciucas Massif, with heights of over 1955 m (Ciucas Peak) and its morphological aspect looks quite imposing among the other mountains of the region, with lower heights, of only 1400 – 1500m.

On the upper level we find a layer of 500 – 600 m of conglomerates formed by gravel, round crystalline slate, limestone and sandstone caught in a limestone. In the lower level we find less resistant rocks like sandstone and shale. The massif bears the same strange landscape like Bucegi Massif, with tower-like formations and carved boulders of uncommon shape (Babele la Sfat, Tigaile Mari and Tigaile Mici), sharp peaks and steep abrupt.

Flora consists in mixed forest dominated by beech on the lower level, spruce on the mid level and dwarf pine, junipers, wild berries and alpine meadows in the upper level. The moss and the lichens grow on the rocks, together with small groups of edelweiss, gentian.

Fauna is represented by wild boars, deer, brown bears, wolfs, wild cats, chamois, mountain cocks and eagles.

Its position and natural beauty make Ciucas a well known and appreciated travel destination, with marked routes crossing the mountain, but without water in its upper areas, the traverse of the entire ridge is a challenge.