Bucegi Mountains

Bucegi Mountains are situated in the northern part of Walachia and they belong to the Southern Carpathians, being at their eastern end.

They are looking like a fortress, with huge walls, built in a horseshoe shape, open by Ialomita River to the south. They cover an area of about 300 square km, with the highest elevation reached at Omul peak (2505m).

Their boundaries are: Prahova Valley to the east, Rucar - Bran pass to the west, Barsei depression in the north and the sub-Carpathian hills in the south. To the east, the Bucegi Mountains present a steep slope to Prahova Valley, a popular tourist destination. At the west and north there are wonderful glacier valleys and towards south the mountain gentle transforms into hills. At an elevation above 1900m is the Bucegi Plateau, where wind and rain shaped the sandstone rocks into spectacular figures such as the Sphinx and Babele. There also are more then 30 caves and numerous gorges.

The oldest geological formations are the crystalline rocks covered by Cretaceous flish, sandstone, Jurassic limestone and conglomerates.

Part of the mountain is protected since 1935, being a National Park. That helped to maintain a healthy and diverse ecosystem, developed on a large area and extended from 500m to 2500m, on different levels.

The flora reflects the fact that the area was under a constant stress and human interference. Beech forests cover the lowest parts, mixed and pine tree forest the upper parts, alpine meadows with dwarf bushes can be found above 1700m. Erosion affects the high plateau and the meadows, with little chance of being stopped.

The fauna is reach in brown bears, foxes, deer, wild bores and chamois.

Tourism is increasing constantly, most of the people still reaching the area by car or by cable cabin, and not on foot, despite the abundance of hiking and rock climbing routes.